Geopolitics in times of Coronavirus

The first effects of the coronavirus pandemic are devastating globally. Initially, the virus hit Italy but is now spreading rapidly throughout Europe, putting the health systems of each country in crisis, causing the European Union to wobble.

The Covid-19 emergency is raising many questions about the EU’s political and economic future.

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The analysis by the International Studies Center entitled “Pandemic risks on international balances”, argues that “the strength of European architecture depends on the response in all member countries will give the impact of the pandemic on the economies of the Old Continent “.

Coronavirus is a disease that could be called “democratic” because it is not sparing any country. The spread does not depend on the measures implemented by endogenous factors. The idea of ​​blocking borders, in an attempt to stop the coronavirus, seems to want to respond more to the need for public opinion to have an effective response to the emergency.

“Without a real political awareness, – says the CeSI report -, a coordinated solution is difficult to see on the horizon. National responses, without European coordination, is the path to the dissolution of the European Union.

Covid-19 could be the first global crisis with non-American-led management: “President Trump’s attitude wants to continue on ‘America First’ without if and without but. The very fact that he wants to imagine the possibility of acquiring the use of a vaccine exclusively for American territory gives the idea on how much Trump’s policies want to point to the stomach and to the feelings of the American electorate”.

In China, however, after all the world have seen them as the disseminator of the virus forces, a commitment to “clean up” its international image began: “With the global pandemic crisis, China has a chance to play the role of global health partner thanks to its experience in the forefront of the fight to the large-scale virus. The actions the Chinese government are undertaking and preparing are the test of that mix of public diplomacy and soft power that fits the new course established years ago by President Xi Jinping. “

Finally, the study argues that Covid-19 is not the end of the globalised world, but an accelerator of new changes, where geopolitical balances are not significantly changed.

It is not yet possible to predict whether, at the end of the emergency, transport connections and networks and communications will be compromised. It is certain, however, that world leadership will have to change. “European countries must be aware of this challenge – concludes CeSI-. Perhaps the coronavirus […] will be the real test of the ambitions of individual countries against a truly shared approach”.

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